7. THE KINGDOMS THAT CAME INTO EXISTENCE AS A CONSEQUENCE OF A SERIES OF REBELLIONS AGAINST MUHAMMAD BIN TUGELAK. " During the time of this worthless king who kept his troth with no one, rebellious men. grew powerful. On every side arose uproar and noise; on every side men of enterprise lifted up their heads; and in every country ruled a new king. Ma'bar became the seat of a separate government, and in that country a Sayyid became king. The country of Tiling rose in rebellion, and the fort of Tiling* passed from the hands of the Turks. An apostate seized the country of Kannad, and captured (the terri- tory) from Gruty to the boundary of Ma'bar. (The country) from Kahram and Samana to the Punjab and the districts of Lahore and Multan were devastated. In that country, families of saints of firm faith were afflicted with tyranny. In Lakhnauty, a king with a royal canopy appeared on the throne. The whole of Tirhut and Graur became recalcitrant, struck by a destructive wave of rebellion. Malwa showed an inclination towards rebellion, and the infidels recaptured it excepting a few places. The whole country of Mandu was seized, and the Mussalmans shut themselves in the forts like the Hindus (in the past). The whole kingdom of Gujarat rebelled, the infidels increased (in power), and (the power of) the Mussalmans became less. At last when the tyranny of the king passed beyond bounds, the country of Marhatta turned against him. The people rebelled against that mean king, because they saw in him a great inclination towards heathenism. His kingdom was thrown into disorder from one end to the other, and all his officers turned against him. No power remained in him for war ; (and) just as a lion suffering from skin disease would become a frog-eater, he destroyed with the sword of oppression a band of wretches (who were) around him, (and) whose blood he was destined to shed; and his army decreased by day and night. Owing to severe oppression, famine, and death- sentences all the people were seized with hatred towards him.